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Medical Symptoms And Treatment of Male Infertility

by Jasmine Bunker (2020-04-08)

Around 15% of couples around the world are infertile. It means they can't conceive a child, even after they have unprotected sexual intercourse for over a year. And around 1/3rd of these partners suffer from male infertility.

Male infertility occurs because of several reasons which include low sperm production, blockage or abnormality in sperm functionality which prohibits sperm delivery. Injury, chronic illness and healthy issues, lifestyle choices and several other factors which may cause male infertility. Not being able to father a child is frustrating and stressful, but you have treatment for male infertility available.


One of the major symptoms of male infertility is inability to conceive a baby. There cannot be any obvious symptom for it. However, one needs to identify the underlying problem which may be inherited disorder, imbalanced hormones, dilated veins near the testicles or health condition which blocks the passage of sperm.

Though all men suffering from male infertility do not acknowledge these symptoms, but the signs and symptoms of male infertility also comprise of:

Problems with sexual activities: For instance, the male may suffer from ejaculation issues or have a small amount of fluid ejaculation, no sexual desire or trouble in maintaining an erection.

Lump, inflammation or pain in the testicle area

Not able to smell

Period respiratory infection

The decrease in facial or body hair or chromosomal abnormality

lower sperm count

Diagnosis of male infertility

Potential male infertility can be diagnosed by physical examination. The examination comprises of some male infertility test.

Semen evaluation to find out the quality and count of the sperm.

A blood test to detect any hormonal issues or infections.

Culture of fluid to check for infections.

Physical analysis of penis, prostate and scrotum.

Semen evaluation is the most important male infertility test. Some men find it comfortable to get it done at their home.

What are the test results?

Once semen analysis is performed, your doctor comes up with several assessments:

The total volume of semen: 2ml of semen is regarded as normal. A lower quantity may suggest a problem in the seminal vesicles or blockage of ducts or prostate gland problem

Sperm number: 20 million or 300 million per ml is regarded as normal. A count below 10 million is poor

Motility: Movement of the active cells. The movement is rated from 0 to 4. A movement of 3 is regarded as good. The number of active cells ranges from 1 to 100% where 50% is regarded as the lowest.

Morphology: The shape and size of the sperm also affect its capability to reach and fertilize an egg. 30% is regarded as good and normal.

Treatment of male infertility

Often the exact cause isn't identified. But, even if the real cause is not acknowledged, your doctors can prescribe treatments for male infertility. in case of infertility, a female should also get herself analysed once. It helps to determine whether she needs any particular treatments in conjunction with her partner or not.

Treatment for male fertility comprises of:

Surgery: For instance, a varicocele can be corrected via surgery. Prior vasectomies can be change. If no sperms are seen in ejaculation, sperms can be retrieved from the testicles directly via sperm retrieval techniques.

Treatment of infection: Antibiotics are prescribed to treat the infection of the reproductive track and restore infertility.

Sexual intercourse issues: Counselling and medicines help in enhancing fertility conditions such as premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction.

Treatment of hormones: Your doctors may suggest hormone replacement or medicines if infertility has occurred because of low or high level of hormones.

Art technology: Assisted Reproductive Technology treatments include getting sperm via normal ejaculation or surgical extraction and then inserting it in the female genital track or to do in vitro fertilization.

Lifestyle changes and home remedies

There are some ways you can opt to enhance your chances of becoming fertile:

Increase your sex count: Have frequent sexual intercourse with your partner so that your chances of getting your partner pregnant rise.

Have sex more frequently when fertilization can occur: A woman has higher chances of getting pregnant during ovulation which happens in the mid of her menstrual cycle. It will ensure that the sperm has a chance to live for several days and maybe conception occurs.

Do not use lubricant: Do not use any lubricating product like jelly, lotion, saliva or anything as it may impair sperm motion and functionality. Find out about sperm safe lubricant from your doctor and use that.

Around 15% of couples around the world are infertile. It means they can't conceive a child, even after they have unprotected sexual intercourse for over a year. And around 1/3rd of these partners suffer from male infertility.